Its other major industries are the mining and export of emery and marble. Emery mine country begins at about 900m altitude. Eight thousand tons of the stuff is extracted every year, while exposed chunks of marble gleam and twinkle on the mountainside near the village of Kinidaros. Marble Mountain, the locals call it: the glistening, shiny, blindingly white kind you’d see in a bathroom or on a kitchen counter.
It is rather bewildering to be motoring along and suddenly encounter massive blocks of marble stacked outside a cutting factory. No barriers, no fences, no “no trespassing signs”. To paraphrase Dorothy from The Wizard of Oz: “Toto, I’ve a feeling we’re not in South Africa anymore.”
Marble also takes a star turn in Apiranthos, a village where the ground is tiled in marble, the staircases are made from marble, and most of the houses are marble-clad. While moseying around its twisty alleyways, I strolled past Stefanos and Eleni Bakalos, who were just finishing lunch on their balcony. The supermarket deliveryman was unstrapping cases of mineral water from the flanks of his donkey and handing it over the wall to them.
One of the top five ice creams of my life came from a hatch in the picture-perfect town of Chalki. The citron flavour it serves is made from fruit harvested in the town and pressed right next door to the parlour.
In Kaloxilos, I learned how to make a typical Greek brunch with Katerina Andrielou, a cook from Chora, the island’s capital. Katerina’s family grove of hondroelia olives produces 500l of oil every two years, and we used some of it to make olive pie, tzatziki, and stuffed vegetables. The population of the hamlet is 40, but swells to 200 in summer. Its name means “good wood”, but it is rather different to Cape Town’s Goodwood. In Damalas (population 20), the town’s resident potter, Manolis Limpertas, demonstrated the creation of a Naxian traditional wine- or water-pouring jug. Near Sangri, a path lined with rosemary, oregano, and oleander leads to Demeter’s Temple, a century older than the Acropolis in Athens and its design precursor. It is constructed from ancient Naxian marble (not the white and yellow kinds mined today) — oversized blocks of which occupy the nearby field as if waiting to be deployed to complete the structure. In an area rich with Byzantine architecture near Moni is the oldest church in Naxos, built about 2600 years ago.The largest village on the island is Filoti, with 2000 inhabitants. Cattle used for breeding roam free on the mountainside. In Koronos, 17km north, the altitude mandates town planning only the fit can endure: residents must climb scores of steps to pick up a loaf of bread.
At the north end of the island near the fishing village of Apollonas is Kouros, an unfinished 11m-long marble statue of Dionysus carved in 680 BC. The figure appears to be passed out on the boulder beneath: it’s a fitting, albeit inadvertent tribute, to the god of wine and merriment.