Lap cheung.
Lap cheung.
Image: Yang Zhao

Egg fried rice is perhaps the most globally known Chinese dish. You’ll find it in any Chinese takeout spot or restaurant, loosely named “egg fried rice”, although you’re probably unaware of the version that you’re eating, as they differ from region to region in China. But also in the US: Chinese American food should be a story on its own, but that’ll be a conversation for another day.

If you’re a keen surfer of the internet, you may have come across Uncle Roger, a London-based, Malaysian comedian, who has challenged world-famous western chefs Oliver, Ramsey and the like, to “properly make a Chinese egg fried rice”. I must admit, it can be a little triggering watching someone from a different culture misinterpret a treasured dish from the culture of another, mistaking simple for easy.

So what are the different kinds of fried rice? After some research, I’ve found the three main types: Yang Zhou fried rice, from the Huai Yang region (note spring onion noodles in previous article); San Si fried rice (translated as “three shredded ingredient fried rice”), commonly comprising shredded carrot, shiitake mushrooms, chicken or ham, from the Canton region; and spring onion egg fried rice, from Beijing.

Then of course, it’s the thousands of homemade versions. Chef Li, a Michelin-starred chef in the Shangri La hotel in Paris, stated that his favourite fried rice was the one made by his mother, the reason being that when fried rice is prepared at home for loved ones, the freshest ingredients — and many of them — are used, because after all, a mother’s love is directly proportional to the generosity of ingredients used in a fried rice.

What makes a good fried rice? Opinions vary, and there are many purist cooks in the kitchen on this one. Rice left over night makes a dry and fragrant type of fried rice — you’re looking for individually separated grains of rice, with somewhat of an al dente texture to it. Huai Yang chefs are after more of sticky texture, where you add the rice before the egg is completely cooked, so the rice and egg “become one”, and “each grain is attached to some egg”.

Cantonese smoked sausage, characterised by its savoury and subtly sweet flavour.
Cantonese smoked sausage, characterised by its savoury and subtly sweet flavour.
Image: Yang Zhao

The ingredients chosen to accompany the rice are also important: something crunchy like diced carrot, pea and corn kernels; something chewy like shiitake mushrooms; and something salty and umami giving, like dried shrimp or aged ham. The conversation is ongoing.

My late mother taught me how to make our version of egg fried rice with lap cheung, a traditional Cantonese wind-dried sausage. It gives a naturally salty and subtly sweet flavour to it, with plenty of colourful vegetables to go along with it. The most unique ingredient in this version à la mama, is the freshly grated ginger or ginger juice. Ginger is medicinally warming in TCM terms. Technique wise, this recipe is a hybrid of Huai Yang and Cantonese cuisines. It’s the soft, moist, spongy version — the comforting kind.

Ingredients:

  • 2- 3 wind-dried sausages
  • 2 tsp grated ginger (optional)
  • 2 cups jasmine rice
  • 1 cup mixed veggies — I used mixed packs of diced carrot, corn and peas
  • 1/3 cup light soy
  • 1 TSP sesame oil
  • 5 medium eggs
  • Salt to season

Method:

  1. In a medium size pot, add water to the rice, cook the rice and set aside. If you make rice for dinner the night before, make extra — I love using leftover rice, it’s the way the rice has settled overnight for me
  2. Heat oil in a frying pan. When the oil is hot, add lap cheung, lower the heat to medium, cook for three minutes, add half a teaspoon of sugar and a tablespoon of soy sauce, and then remove and set aside
  3. In a mixing bowl, beat eggs, add six drops of water before scrambling (water makes scrambled eggs puffy.)
  4. Before eggs are set, quickly add cooked rice, stir vigorously to make sure the egg is mixed with the rice thoroughly. Remember, try to coat each grain with a bit of egg.
  5. Add 2 teaspoons of coarse salt, stir salt into rice, add mixed veggies, keep stirring for three minutes
  6. Lastly, add lap cheung and grated ginger, stir till all the ingredients are well mixed with the rice. Add two rings of soy sauce and one ring of sesame oil. Mix, serve and enjoy.
Salmon fried rice.
Salmon fried rice.
Image: Yang Zhao
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